In 1519, famed Spanish explorer Hernando Cortés had his eyes set on the Aztec capital, which was located in what we now know as Mexico City. Cortés was leading an expedition of the New World on behalf of the Spanish Empire, eager to bring back gold for his king.
Upon arrival, Cortés went straight to speak with Aztec leader Montezuma II, demanding gold from the ruler under threat of his army decimating the Aztec capital. Montezuma, thinking the explorer was a god, yielded to Cortés demands and gave him gold. Despite meeting his demands however, Cortés and his Spanish army wiped out Montezuma and the rest of the Aztec empire within two years.