Bitcoin-Bashing Banking ‘Cartels’ Fined €1 Billion For Currency Manipulation63.6

The European Commission has fined five banks, including the anti-Bitcoin JP Morgan, a total of over €1 billion for currency rigging. Traders clubbed together into ‘cartels’ to manipulate the foreign exchange market between 2007 and 2013.

The “Banana Split” cartel involved traders from Barclays, RBS, Citigroup, and JP Morgan, which face penalties of €811 million in total. Traders from Barclays and RBS traders, along with MUFG, were also in the “Essex Express” cartel, and received €259 million in fines.

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