The duties of a journalists is simple: educate the public about events, issues and developments that directly or indirectly affect their lives. Part of their daily routine involves conducting interviews, sieving through private or private records and visiting scenes for primary data. It is this information gathering, especially if they take on powerful interests, that places them at risk.
By Dec 2018, a worrying statistic was revealed. 34 journalists had been killed in the cause of their duties. Part of those killings was as a retaliation for their exposes or were accidents. But it is not the killings alone, last year a record 251 journalists were jailed.